Title: Intestinal Parasites

Key words: parasitic infections, common parasites, signs and symptoms, investigations, treatment,

Date: Oct 2000

Category: The Gut

Type: Article

Author: Dr C Forsyth

Intestinal ParasitesThe presence of intestinal parasites can be easily overlooked and investigations can be unreliable, yielding false negative results. common parasites in the UK are :

Dientamoeba fragilis, Endolimaz nana, Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba hartmanni, Entamoeba coli, Cryptosporidium, Blastocystis hominis. A high index of suspicion is required together with appropriate investigations at a high quality laboratory.

Signs and symptoms of Parasitic Infections

Abdominal pains & cramps

Altered intestinal permeability

Anorexia

Arthritis

Autoimmune disease

Bloody stools & rectal bleeding

Chronic fatigue

Colitis

Constipation

Crohn's disease

Depressed secretory IgA

Diarrhoea

Distension

Dysentery

Fever

Flatulence

Food intolerance

Foul smelling stools

Gastritis

Headaches

Inflammatory bowel disease

Irregular bowel movementsIrritable bowel syndrome

Leucopenia

Low back pain

Malabsorption

Pruritis ani

Rash & pruritis

Urticaria

Vomiting

Weight Loss

 

Investigations:

* Parascope Laboratory (see Directory)

Treatment:

Identification and treatment of predisposing factors and secondary effectsCorrection of nutritional deficienciesBotanical anti-fungals - citrus seed extract, berberis, artemisia annua, garlic, white willow concentrate, etc.Anti- parasitic drugs